How to Become an Astronaut After 12th

Nov 3, 2023


Do you dream of venturing beyond our planet and exploring the depths of space? Becoming an astronaut is a cherished ambition for many, and it's never too early to start planning for this extraordinary career path. In this article, we will guide you through the process of becoming an astronaut after completing your 12th grade, providing you with the necessary information, qualifications, and steps to pursue this awe-inspiring profession.

1. Set Your Goals

The first step towards becoming an astronaut is to set clear, achievable goals. Identify your passion for space exploration and understand the dedication required to excel in this field. Space missions demand individuals with a strong commitment to excellence, continuous learning, and adaptability.

2. Focus on Academics

A solid educational foundation is crucial for aspiring astronauts. After completing your 12th grade, choose a relevant discipline for your bachelor's degree. Fields such as aerospace engineering, astrophysics, planetary sciences, or even mathematics can put you on the right track. Ensure you maintain excellent grades to enhance your chances of being selected for astronaut training programs.

3. Gain Relevant Experience

While excelling in your studies, it's crucial to gain practical experience to complement your academic achievements. Seek internships, apprenticeships, or research opportunities at renowned space agencies, aerospace companies, or research institutes. This hands-on experience will not only enhance your knowledge but also demonstrate your dedication to the field.

4. Develop Critical Skills

Aside from academic credentials, astronauts require a range of specialized skills. These include a strong foundation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), exceptional problem-solving abilities, effective communication skills, teamwork, and physical fitness. Engage in activities that develop these skills, such as participating in science clubs, robotics competitions, or team sports.

5. Maintain Physical Fitness

Space missions demand physical endurance and resilience. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and participating in physical activities are crucial to prepare your body for the rigors of astronaut training. Physical fitness tests are an integral part of the selection process, and having a strong body will give you a competitive advantage.

6. Research Space Agencies

Thoroughly researching space agencies is essential to understanding their specific requirements and selection procedures. Organizations like NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), ESA (European Space Agency), or SpaceX may have varying criteria and prerequisites to become an astronaut. Stay updated with their recruitment announcements and ensure you meet their eligibility criteria.

7. Apply for Astronaut Programs

Once you meet the necessary qualifications, submit your application to the respective astronaut programs. Pay close attention to the submission deadlines and provide all required documents, including your academic records, recommendation letters, personal statements, and any additional materials that showcase your passion for space exploration.

8. Prepare for Selection Tests

Selection tests are designed to identify the most capable candidates for astronaut training. These tests typically include written exams, medical evaluations, psychological assessments, physical fitness tests, and personal interviews. Research the selection tests conducted by different agencies and prepare thoroughly to increase your chances of success.

9. Astronaut Training

If you are fortunate enough to be selected, congratulations! Astronaut training is an intensive process that focuses on numerous aspects, including spacecraft operation, microgravity adaptation, survival training, spacewalks, scientific experiments, and teamwork. It requires mental resilience, adaptability, and the ability to work effectively in high-pressure environments.

10. Pursue Advanced Degrees

While not mandatory, obtaining advanced degrees in relevant fields can significantly enhance your career as an astronaut. Pursuing master's or doctoral degrees in aerospace engineering, astrophysics, or similar disciplines can provide you with a deeper understanding of your work and open doors to research or leadership roles within space agencies.


Embarking on a journey to become an astronaut after completing your 12th grade requires determination, dedication, and a lifelong passion for space exploration. By setting clear goals, excelling academically, gaining relevant experience, developing critical skills, and maintaining physical fitness, you can increase your chances of joining the elite group of astronauts who venture beyond our planet, expanding human knowledge and inspiring generations to come.

If you dream of becoming an astronaut, take the first step today and start building the foundation for an extraordinary career in space exploration!

how to become an astronaut after 12th